Some Awesome People

Tuesday, December 10, 2013

St. Melchiades (311-314)

http://www.spirituality.org/i/st_melchiades_l.jpgFeastday: 10 December
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Two popes had been exiled by Emperor Maxentius, and for nearly two more years the Church in Rome was steeped in turmoil, making it impossible to choose a pope. Finally Miltiades, an African, was elected. He had served as a priest under Marcellinus during the terrible Diocletian persecution. Now, however, he witnessed the effects of a kinder, more generous Roman government. Indeed, the Church would actually be favored with splendid gifts. By 311 the Church began to enjoy a peace resulting from a decree of toleration issued in both the East and the West. Emperor Maxentius ordered the properties of the Church restored. These included the land and buildings that had been confiscated during the reign of Emperor Diocletian. In 312 for the first time since the outbreak of persecution, a pope was able to preside over the celebration of Easter in full possession of the Church's holy assets.

Pope Miltiades worked diligently in a difficult time of transition. His edicts included forbidding the Christians to fast on Thursday and Sunday (the days during which the pagans kept their fasts) and directing that the Eucharist plate blessed by the bishop be carried to the various churches.

Constantine, having been proclaimed emperor in Gaul, now marched on Rome. The sign of the cross had been revealed to him in a vision where he was told that "by this sign shalt thou conquer." Constantine ordered his standards changed, and for the first time in history, the sign of peace was borne by an army. Constantine's legions defeated Maxentius, and the year 312 ushered in a new era, an era of peace; the Christians were truly set free. During the emperor's stay in Rome, the famous Lateran palace was given to Pope Miltiades by Fausta, Constantine's wife. The Lateran served as the papal residence for some four hundred years.

Less than a year later, a schism broke out in North Africa. Headed by a rigorist named Donatus, the faction objected to the policies of the bishop of Carthage, Caecilian. Bypassing the pope, they appealed directly to Constantine to intervene. The emperor, annoyed that he should be called on to settle disputes among the clergy, commissioned Miltiades and three other Gallic bishops to rectify the matter. The pope gathered fifteen additional bishops and held a synod in the great Lateran palace. The decision of this synod was to condemn Donatus and his party and to support the true bishop, Caecilian. The Donatists (as they later became called) appealed again to Constantine, but by the time another council could be called, Pope Miltiades had died.

St. Miltiades was an excellent pontiff who guided the Church wisely during a difficult time of changeover. Pope Miltiades was the last pope to be buried in a catacomb in the cemetery of Calixtus. His feast is celebrated December 10.

Excerpted from The Popes: A Papal History, J.V. Bartlett

http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/liturgicalyear/calendar/day.cfm?date=2012-12-10

2 comments:

  1. Your blog continues to be such an inspiration to me and to other Catholics everywhere! I don't comment as often as I should, but I wanted to let you know you do have an impact on others through your writings. Keep up the wonderful work! By the way, if you get a moment, please stop by my blog to enter a $25 gift certificate giveaway to my Etsy shop. http://craftymule.blogspot.com/2013/11/2500-gift-certificate-giveaway-and.html
    I'd love for you to have a chance to win. :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hello Wanda! If you didn't realize, It's a two person blog now; I try to maintain the blog when Alyianna can't. I'll tell her about the giveaway, and I might enter too. Thanks for commenting! :D

      ~ Lucia

      Delete

Your comments make our day brighter! Please keep them pure and nice. :D