Today the Church celebrates the memorial of the Presentation of Mary. The three feasts of the birthday of Our Lady, the holy Name of Mary and her Presentation in the Temple correspond in the Marian cycle with the first three feasts of the cycle of feasts of our Lord: namely, Christmas, the Holy Name of Jesus, and His Presentation in the Temple (February 2).
"Sacred Scripture contains no text concerning the event commemorated
in today's liturgy. For something of a historical background one may
consult the apocryphal works, particularly the Protoevangel of St.
James (ch. 4:1ff). After an angel had revealed her pregnancy, Anna is
said to have vowed her future child Mary to the Lord. Soon after birth
the infant was brought to the sacred precincts at which only the best of
Israel's daughters were admitted. At the age of three she was transferred
to the temple proper (7:2). According to legend, here she was reared like
a dove and received her nourishment from the hand of an angel
"In the East, where the feast, celebrated since the eighth century,
is kept as a public holiday, it bears the name, 'The Entrance of the
Mother of God into the Temple'. It was introduced at Rome by a Cypriotic
legate to the papal court of Avignon in 1371. In 1472, Sixtus IV extended
its observance to the whole Church. Abolished by Pius V, it was
reintroduced some years later (1585)."
Excerpted from The Church's Year of Grace, Pius Parsch.