(c. 1266 – 1308)
Feastday: November 8
John Duns Scotus was probably born in the winter of 1266 in the south of
Scotland. Around 1279, he was accepted in a Franciscan friary in South
Scotland. After eight years of preliminary studies in philosophy, or
rather in the artes, at Oxford, he started to study theology there in
1288. Having attained the age of 25, he was ordained a priest in
Northampton in 1291.
Blessed John Duns Scotus was a Scottish Franciscan priest and theologian.
He was the founder of the Scotistic School in Theology, and until the
time of the French Revolution, his thought dominated the Roman Catholic
faculties of theology in nearly all the major universities of Europe. He
is chiefly known for his theology on the Absolute Kingship of Jesus
Christ, the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and his
philosophic refutation of evolution. He is also known as the "Doctor
of Mary Immaculate" because of his defense of the Immaculate
Duns Scotus died in 1308.