Some Awesome People

Wednesday, October 24, 2012

St. Anthony Claret

(1807 – 1870)

Feastday: October 24

Anthony was born at Salent in the Diocese of Vich in Catalonia, Spain, in the year, in which Napoleon invaded Spain. He was trained for manual labor since his father was a weaver, but in 1829, he entered the seminary at Vich. Ordained to the priesthood in 1835, he was assigned as pastor in his home parish. Later, he went to Rome to work for the Propagation of the Faith. He also entered the novitiate of the Jesuit, but had to leave because of ill health, so he returned to Spain and was assigned as pastor of a parish. His apostolate consisted of rural preaching, conferences for the clergy and publications (he wrote more than 150 books). Because of his successful apostolate he aroused the animosity of some of the clergy, and, as a result, he left Catalonia for the Canary Islands (1848). After a year, he returned to Catalonia and resumed his preaching apostolate.

In 1849, Anthony gathered together five priests, who formed the basis of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (popularly known as Claretians). At the suggestion of the Queen of Spain, Isabella II, Anthony was named archbishop of Santiago, Cuba (1850). For the next seven years, he made pastoral visitations, preached against the slavery of the Negroes, and regularized numerous marriages. As a result of his activity, he was frequently threatened with death, and on one occasion an attempt was actually made on his life. In 1857, he was recalled to Spain as confessor to the queen. In this way, he was able to exert some influence in the naming of bishops, set up a center of ecclesiastical studies at the Escorial, and worked towards the recognition of religious orders in Spain. In 1869 he was in Rome, preparing for the First Vatican Council. He followed Isabella II into exile, and at the insistence of the Spanish ambassador, was placed under house arrest in the Cistercian monastery at Fontfroide, where he died at the age of 63. His remains were ultimately returned to Vich.

Excerpted from Saints of the Roman Calendar by Enzo Lodi 

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