Some Awesome People

Saturday, June 30, 2012

Emperor Nero

(December 37 –  June 68)


Nero was Roman Emperor from 54 to 68, and the last in the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Nero was adopted by his great-uncle Claudius to become his heir and successor, and succeeded to the throne in 54 following Claudius' death. During his reign, Nero focused much of his attention on diplomacy, trade, and enhancing the cultural life of the Empire. He ordered theaters built and promoted athletic games. During his reign, the redoubtable general Corbulo conducted a successful war and negotiated peace with the Parthian Empire. His general Suetonius Paulinus crushed a revolt in Britain and also annexed the Bosporan Kingdom to the Empire, beginning the First Roman–Jewish War.


In 64, most of Rome was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome, which many Romans believed Nero himself had started in order to clear land for his planned palatial complex, the Domus Aurea. In 68, the rebellion of Vindex in Gaul and later the acclamation of Galba in Hispania drove Nero from the throne. Facing assassination, he committed suicide on 9 June 68. His death ended the Julio-Claudian Dynasty, sparking a brief period of civil wars known as the Year of the Four Emperors.

Nero's rule is often associated with tyranny and extravagance.He is known for many executions, including those of his mother and the probable murder by poison of his stepbrother, Britannicus.


The Remorse of the Emperor Nero after the Murder of his Mother
by John William Waterhouse, 1878.



He is infamously known as the Emperor who "fiddled while Rome burned" and as an early persecutor of Christians. He was known for having captured Christians burned in his garden at night for a source of light. This view is based on the writings of Tacitus, Suetonius, and Cassius Dio, the main surviving sources for Nero's reign.

64 A.D - The city of Rome burns under Emperor Nero, killing hundreds


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nero

1 comment:

  1. Hi

    Lot of mistakes (shared by many) here, please read my essay:

    http://www.medievalists.net/2012/09/26/a-cold-case-of-historical-bias/

    Kind regards
    A. Paratico

    ReplyDelete

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